The 5R’s in Waste Management

The 5 R’s – The key factors that are to be remembered in respect of waste management are – Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover and Replace. 1. Reduce – wherever possible reduce waste production. One can always reduce waste production by following these simple guidelines: a. Use or buy only what is needed – when there […]

Understanding Financial Statements

Financial accounting’s focus is on the financial reports distributed to people outside of the company. The major component of financial reporting is the financial statements: income statement, balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and the statement of stockholders’ equity. The income statement indicates a company’s profitability during a specified time period such as one year, […]

Uses of Audited Financial Statements

There are many uses of audited financial statements. Some of the common uses include submitting to the relevant authority such as company commission and tax offices. These are the two interested parties of these statements. Other interested parties include investors, creditors of the company and shareholders as well. So, what are the purposes of audited […]

Management and Financial Accounting

Accounting is usually seen as having two distinct strands, Management and Financial accounting. Management accounting, which seeks to meet the needs of managers and Financial accounting, which seeks to meet the accounting needs of all of the other users. The differences between the two types of accounting reflect the different user groups that they address. […]

Main Functions of Management

There are four main functions of management. 1. Planning. 2. Organizing. 3. Leading. 4. Controlling. Planning. Planning is an important managerial function. It provides the design of a desired future state and the means of bringing about that future state to accomplish the organization’s objectives. In other words, planning is the process of thinking before […]